Morbid obesity
Morbid obesity, also called extreme obesity or grade III obesity, is a disease that consists of an excess of adipose tissue in the body.

Possible complications of extreme obesity
It is a chronic disease that occurs more frequently in developed countries and is associated with a large number of other diseases such as:

-Hypertension

-Diabetes

-Heart problems

-High cholesterol

-Metabolic syndrome

-Fatty liver

-Sleep apnea

Morbid obesity begins when a person consumes more fat than his or her body needs, so it begins to accumulate in different areas of the body.

One of the most common areas where fat is stored is in the lower part of the diaphragm or chest wall, which is how it puts pressure on the lungs causing difficulty breathing.

Sleep apnea can also occur, which is when a person stops breathing momentarily, causing serious complications.

Causes and risk factors
Eating high-calorie foods, combined with an inactive and sedentary lifestyle is one of the main factors for developing morbid obesity. Besides that, other causes are:

-Genetic factors

-Environmental factors

-Psychological factors

-Thyroid disorders

Prevention of morbid obesity
There are also preventive activities to avoid this disease. Regular exercise and a healthy, balanced diet are the two main ways to prevent morbid obesity.

Treatment options for extreme obesity
For a person who is already morbidly obese, there are treatments that will help improve your lifestyle.

A diet prescribed by a medical specialist combined with exercise can help a person lose weight. In extreme cases where neither diet nor exercise seem to have good results, surgical intervention, such as bariatric surgery, is considered.

Bariatric surgery has widely proven to be the most effective and durable long-term treatment for obesity and the resolution of associated diseases. The two most performed procedures in the world are the Gastric Bypass and the Gastric Sleeve.

I´m Dr. Juan Emerio Hernandez, general surgeon and bariatric surgeon, specialist in the treatment of obesity. Contact me for more information, I´m at your service.